Тема: Olympic games
Вид реферата: топик
Дисциплина: Иностранный язык
Формат: Microsoft Word документ
Сжатие: ZIP архив
Создан: 19 апреля 2007 года
The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began
in 777 BC in Greece and took place every four years for nearly twelve centuries
at Olimpia. They included many different kinds of sports: running, boxing,
wrestling, etc. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to Olimpia to
compete in the Games. For the period of the Games all the wars stopped. So the
Olympic Games became the symbol of peace and friendship.
In 394 AD the Games were abolished and were not
renewed until many centuries later.
In 1894, a Frenchman, Baron Pierre de Coubertin,
addressed all the sports governing bodies and pointed out the significance of
sports and its educational value.
Two years later the first modern Olympic Games took
place. Of course, the competitions were held in Greece to symbolize the
continuation of the centuries-old tradition. In 1896 the International Olympic
Committee was set up. It is the central policymaking body of the Olympic
movement. It is formed by the representatives of all countries which take part
in the Olympic Games. The International Olympic Committee decides upon the
programme of the games, the number of the participants and the cityhost for the
Games. Over one hundred and fifty countries are represented in the
International Olympic Committee now. Besides, each country has its National Olympic
Summer and Winter Games are held separately. There are
always several cities wishing to host the Games. The most suitable is selected
by the International Committee. After that the city of the Games starts
preparations for the competitions, constructs new sports facilities, stadiums,
hotels, press centres. Thousands of athletes, journalists and guests come to
the Games, and it takes great efforts to arrange everything. There is always an
interesting cultural programme of concerts, exhibitions, festivals, etc., for
Russia joined the Olympic movement in 1952. Since then
it has won a lot of gold, silver, and bronze medals. In 1980 Moscow hosted the
Twenty-Second Olympic Games.
The latest Olympic Games were held in Barcelona. Russian
sportsmen got medals for their records in many sports events.
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