|Ottawa city.Capital of Canada
Тема: Ottawa city.Capital of Canada
Вид реферата: топик
Дисциплина: Иностранный язык
Формат: Microsoft Word документ
Сжатие: ZIP архив
Создан: 1 марта 2007 года
Ottawa - capital of Canada and seat
of Carleton County, southeastern Ontario, at the confluence of the Ottawa,
Gatineau, and Rideau rivers. Its metropolitan area lies astride the
The first descriptions of Ottawa's
future site were written by the founder of New France, Samuel de Champlain, in
1613. The rivers served as passageways for explorers and traders over the
following two centuries. The Napoleonic Wars increased Britain's need for
shipbuilding timber, and the Ottawa Valley offered just such resources. In 1800
an American, Philemon Wright, had begun timbering across the Ottawa River in
what became the city of Hull. During the War of 1812 between Britain and the
United States, the Rideau provided the British with a safe shipping route from the
Ottawa River to Kingston, on Lake Ontario, thus spurring settlement of Ottawa.
It was hastened by the arrival in 1826 of Lt. Col. John By of the Royal
Engineers to work on canalizing the river, and the town became Bytown.
Ottawa might still be a modest city
had not political quarrels between Quebec city and Toronto and between Montreal
and Kingston induced leaders to call upon Queen Victoria to designate a capital
for United Canada. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated and rechristened Ottawa
after the Indian tribe. It became the fastest growing metropolis in eastern
Canada, a development due largely to the presence of the national government.
In 1937 Prime Minister William L. Mackenzie King brought the architect Jacques
Grйber from France to
begin the redevelopment of the national capital district.
The fur trade and lumbering have
diminished in importance, and industry now employs only a small fraction of the
labour force. The federal government is the major employer. Many commercial and
financial associations from around the country as well as embassies and trade
associations are also located there.
Ottawa is served by both of Canada's
major railroads and several airlines. There is bus service throughout the city.
Navigation on the Ottawa and Rideau rivers, except for pleasure craft, is a
thing of the past.
The major cultural centres remain
the city's three universities. The University of Ottawa and St. Paul University
are bilingual institutions, whereas instruction at Carleton University is
entirely in English. A large community college, Algonquin, provides technical
training. Ottawa also houses the National Arts Centre, which includes an opera
house and two theatres, the National Library and Public Archives Building, the
National Museum of Science and Technology, and the National Gallery of Canada. Pop.
(1991) city, 313,987; Ottawa-Hull metropolitan area, 920,857.
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